Freud and Nietzsche on Human Nature and Society
After extensive analyzation of reading World and It's Discontents by Sigmund Freud and Beyond Very good and Nasty by Friedrich Nietzsche, I find myself as if equally Freud and Nietzsche presented virtually the same views of human nature along with the world in which that they lived. Within my paper We intend to prove how this is certainly so. The Freudian watch of humankind is quite depressed. According to his ideology, people work only in order to satisfy the requirements, regardless of how respectable their motives may seem. All their actions originate either coming from hunger, which is the internal ought to preserve the individual/ego, or perhaps from take pleasure in, i. at the. when a person utilizes exterior objects to meet his wishes. And even when humans make an effort to impose some type of rational believed over their particular desires, they fail totally. While the notion of civilization was constructed to guard people, relating to Freud " World is built to reduce suffering, but civilization is definitely the cause of our misery. ” This getting the case, the sole impact logical thought offers, is to trigger further pain and battling, as opposed to acting based on instinctual desire exclusively, which gives a person the possibility at some enjoyment, even if for the short whilst.
While Freud's photo tends to be more animalistic, Nietzsche's view is definitely slightly less cynical. Even though he declares that our civilization is based after suffering, it is that exact suffering which can help us obtain new heights. According to him, our nature is divided into two aspects – creature and creator. The creator in us is unrelenting inside the quest for expertise, even if that knowledge will simply cause even more suffering; as the creature in us is usually content with far less, but cannot stand those who rise above their ‘rank' in life. It can be up to each individual to choose which form of battling he likes – that of the unaware creature who also despises what he simply cannot comprehend; or maybe the suffering in the creator, caused both by limitations of modern society, through the constant have to question his knowledge and beliefs when he evolves.
Based on his previous assessment, Freud criticizes the limitations that modern society places on individuality, by which he means their sexuality. After all, external desires are generally fueled by libido, and repressing these sexual desires causes human beings to channel their energies via various other means, including " out and out aggression and self-destruction”. By this common sense, the value we all place upon relationships limits our simple human desire (libido), while the constructs of these human relationships are not designed in a way that caters to this kind of basic need. And every attempt to additional restrict this kind of desire does nothing than cause disappointment at the failure to achieve it.
In a similar problematic vein, Nietzsche's critique on culture is nothing more than a reflection of his analysis, previously mentioned. What world values is knowledge, plus the ability to reach new altitudes in all aspects of life. And according to him, it can be this being hungry for understanding which causes a whole lot strife in civilization. For whether it be the creator or maybe the creature, every single will shame themselves, and act consequently. The beast will shame himself, trying to outgrow his animalistic character – and by doing so, will create a system of morals and values to steer him along that way. But , when on that path, which is nothing more than the ‘path' from the creator, he now seems pity for his inability to be pleased, due to the restraints of world, and his constant thirst for more knowledge. So that as he and so eloquently describes – " Pity against pity then simply! ” So , it is the understanding we humans value so greatly that triggers both the frustration we truly feel, and the results this aggravation has on all of our subsequent activities.
When it came to religion, nor philosopher was very attached to the subject. Freud, for example , was known to admit a person's sense of remorse is nothing more than their manifestation of anxiety, and its lack of diagnosis is...